Tax policy is designed to provide Aboriginal governments with sufficient budgetary resources to meet their responsibilities and provide public services that are comparable, within a reasonable time frame, to those available to other Canadians. It also supports measures to bridge the social divide between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal peoples. In 1969, the White Paper on Indian Policy proposed abolishing band governments and transferring the provision of social programs to provincial governments (since the provinces already operate these services for non-Aboriginal people). Opposition to this proposal has helped to stimulate the creation of national political organizations among Aboriginal people and to raise awareness of the concept of Aboriginal autonomy for the first time in the national political consciousness.  There is no model for the Dieself government; Each First Nation establishes its own unique self-management agreement. Self-management rules may include: Aboriginal autonomy is the formal structure by which Aboriginal communities can control the management of their people, resource and resource programs and policies through agreements with the federal and provincial governments. On the other hand, self-governing First Nations can make their own laws and policies and have over-decision-making power on a wide range of issues. These include issues that are an integral part of their cultures and traditions in their communities. Under self-management, First Nations are emerging from the Indian Act and on their own course for a better future.
Across Canada, there are 25 self-management agreements involving 43 Aboriginal communities. There are also two educational agreements involving 35 indigenous communities. There are currently 25 self-administered Aboriginal governments that receive tax transfers through agreements with the Canadian government. With this tax support, self-governing Aboriginal governments would meet the obligations and obligations imposed by their treaty or autonomy agreement. These tax agreements are renewed periodically and contribute to the implementation of fiscal relations between Canada and self-governing Aboriginal governments. As part of the BC contract negotiation process, self-management is put in place and managed by the treaty. Self-management rules may include education, language, culture, police, health, social services, housing, property rights, child welfare and other provisions agreed upon by all three parties. A first nation implementing a modern treaty will be self-managed and have constitutional and legislative power over contract lands and public services. The treaty defines how First Nations government is tied to the Canadian Constitution and the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which apply to First Nations governments as well as to all other governments in Canada. Aboriginal groups are also working to achieve greater self-determination, to recognize their rights and to renew their relationships with other governments outside of self-management negotiations.
This implies that self-management has become a solution to the constraints of the indian Act for a long time. When a self-management contract is implemented, many of the restrictions imposed by Indian law are lifted, allowing Aboriginal communities to take liberties and take forms of community control that were previously regulated.  The provisions of the treaty may include the control of education, health facilities, administration, rural development for revenue and decision-making powers.    Today, Carolyn Bennett, Minister of Aboriginal Relations for the Crown, met with leaders of self-governing Aboriginal governments as she announced a new tax policy that would better support self-management agreements.