Although not often accepted by venture capitalists and most start-up investors, confidentiality agreements are generally popular in companies that are highly productive with new inventions and innovations (such as Apple, Hewlett Packard and Microsoft), start-ups, companies that work with trade secrets such as Coca-Cola and KFC, and other entrepreneurs who hold proprietary information. 2.5 Specific confidential information is not considered to be one of the exceptions simply because it is accepted by more general information in the public domain or by more general information held by the receiving party. In addition, any combination of information is not considered to be in the above exceptions simply because all parts of that information are publicly available or are held by the receiving party. It is also important to ensure that who can obtain confidential information in order to promote the authorized or specific objective should be determined. It is often necessary to pass on information to employees or professional consultants (or even to sources of funding, related companies or sponsors, etc.), but this should be considered on a case-by-case basis. Ideally, these recipients are identified by name, but should be identified at least by class and always on a „need to know“ basis. Parties should be aware of the confidentiality obligations that must be imposed on these third parties in order to obtain confidential information. Workers may be subject to confidentiality obligations as part of their employment contracts. There are a number of ways to manage the disclosure of professional advisors: a) they could be invited to become members of an NDA, b) they might only have to agree to keep the information confidential, or c) the parties may simply rely on service secrets imposed on them by their professional board of directors. Disclosure parties should endeavour to ensure that the recipient party assumes responsibility for breaches of confidentiality by employees, consultants, related companies and other necessary recipients, although this request may be categorically rejected by the recipient party. It is good practice to draw the recipient`s attention to important points of the agreement to ensure that they understand the obligations in the confidentiality agreement they will sign. Now let`s look at how the elements of a treaty are applied in examples of various confidentiality agreements. Confidentiality agreements („NOAs“) are of two types: a mutual agreement or a unilateral agreement.
The reciprocal agreement is reached when both parties can share confidential information, while in a unilateral agreement, only one of the parties makes the disclosure.  Perhaps the real purpose of confidentiality agreements is to establish confidential relationships between the party who holds the trade secret and the party to whom the trade secret is disclosed. Parties who are included in these relationships are legally required to keep confidential information confidential. The breach of the confidentiality agreement is largely the result of the poor drafting of confidentiality agreements. Each NOA usually contains six essential things. You are:  `Non-Disclosure Agreements, Are they enforceable in India?`, (Indian National Bar Association) INBA View Point, inba.tv/non-disclosure-agreements-enforceable-india/ It is always important to ensure that an appropriate NDA is available before disclosing your company`s confidential information, if you are investigating a possible joint development, if you are getting special parts or even hiring a new employee.