Rome Agreement 1962

The agreement was put on the agenda of the United Nations General Assembly in 1962 and froze General Assembly Resolution 1752 (XVII), which gave the United Nations the power to occupy and administer West Guinea. Although the agreements were not in a position to deny the commitments set out in the Charter of the United Nations[1] and the agreement claimed that it was for the good of the inhabitants of the territory, some believed that the agreement sacrificed the inhabitants of the territory for the good of the foreign powers. In a 1962 summary of the U.S. FOREIGN MINISTER`S it states that „the agreement was almost a total victory for Indonesia and a defeat for the Netherlands“, that the United States „Bureau of European Affairs“ sympathized with the Dutch view that Indonesia`s annexation would simply act against brown colonialism,“ and that „the underlying reason that the Kennedy administration pushed the Netherlands to accept this agreement , it was that she believed that the idea of preventing Indonesia from the Cold War, the communist overlapped with the Dutch affair. At the UN General Assembly, a group of African states led by Ghana denounced „Muslim imperialism“ and „Asian racism.“ Other countries, such as India, have rejected the accusations and celebrated Indonesia`s unity. In October 1969, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution 84 to 0 and 30 abstentions[6] in which „gratefully the achievement… [of the 1962 agreement“ and thanked Indonesia for „its efforts to promote the economic and social development of Western Ireland.“ [11] In 1975, the dissenting African states proposed an amendment to hold a second referendum, but failed because of Indonesian and American opposition. [12] The Dutch government accepted the results and stated that the process was in accordance with the New York agreement. [4] Looking at the vote, retired UN Under-Secretary-General Chakravarthy Narasimhan said in 2001: „The mood of the United Nations was to get rid of this problem as quickly as possible,“[12] and „[M]y bleeding Heart isn`t [for the Papuans].“ [11] The United States has in part achieved its goal of winning „[Indonesia] in the West,“ although the confrontation between Indonesia and Malaysia and the troubled Indonesian economy has cooled relations. [2] On 15 August 1962, representatives of Indonesia and the Netherlands signed the agreement between the Republic of Indonesia and the Kingdom of the Netherlands on Western New Guinea (Western Ireland) at the United Nations headquarters in New York.“ [6] The New York Agreement is an agreement on the management of the territory of western New Guinea signed by the Netherlands and Indonesia. The first part of the agreement proposes that the United Nations take over the administration of the territory and a second part proposes a number of social conditions that will be made available when the UN exercises discretion, as proposed in Article 12 of the agreement, to allow the occupation and administration of the territory in Indonesia. The agreement, negotiated at meetings organized by the United States, was signed on August 15, 1962 at the United Nations headquarters in New York.

Some members of the quasi-legislative Council of New Guinea, established under the Netherlands, were disappointed that the Netherlands had signed the agreement without consultation with the Council.

Dieser Eintrag wurde veröffentlicht in Allgemein. Lesezeichen auf den Permanentlink.