The Minsk Agreements

For these reasons, the suspicions of the agreements are profound, with allegations that the former KGB, who still works for the Kremlin, wrote the special status and amnesty of Minsk to provoke the patriotic pride of Ukraine and force the country to federalize or break. Negotiations loaded with loaded names only fuel such speculation; These include controversial former President Leonid Kuchma and oligarchs, who are also said to be close to Putin, such as Viktor Medvedchuk and Nestor Shufrych. The viability and credibility of the whole process is weak. … None of the heads of state and government signed the agreements, but left other representatives of the European antagonists and ceasefire observers and sent a discreet signal that they are not taking full responsibility for the outcome. [Chancellor Angela] Merkel stressed that Putin must put pressure on rebel leaders to sign. Russia was not ready. Sourkov coordinated the development of additional requirements (published on 13 May in the form of DNR/NRL proposals). These would give even more powers to the occupied regions: responsibility for the legal regulation of the border between Ukraine and Russia; The right to enter into agreements with foreign states; its own charters (which would, for example, prevent the Ukrainian president from dismissing local executive bodies); their own budgets to ensure financial independence; and the right to establish emergencies and hold elections and referendums. Finally, Ukraine would enshrine in its Constitution a neutrality clause.54 On 17 March, the Ukrainian Parliament approved a law on the „special status“ of the Donbass, as stipulated by Minsk II [56] Later, in 2019, the Ukrainian Parliament voted on Thursday to extend the rules providing for limited autonomy to the separatist-controlled eastern regions, a precondition for a five-year agreement. [57] The law was immediately criticized by Ukrainian politicians, separatist leaders and the Russian government. The president of the Radical Party, Oleg Lyaschko, said that the law was „a vote in favour of the de facto recognition of the Russian occupation in the Donbass“.

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