Cfa Nile Agreement

The most important article of the Framework Cooperation Agreement is Article 4, which stresses the importance of introducing the principle of fair and reasonable use in the Nile basin in order to destroy the unfair status quo based on the 1929 and 1959 agreements, and Article 5 also obliges Member States not to cause considerable damage. Article 14 is also a dispute. This is the new approach to water security, which also constitutes a conflict for maintaining the status quo and reversing it. The article states that the activities of one Member State should not significantly affect the water security of other Nile Basin States. Sudan and Egypt want the article to stipulate that the activities of one member state should not adversely affect water security and the current uses and rights of another Nile Basin state.

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